The city was founded in 1108 as a fortress by Vladimir Monomakh. In XII-XIV centuries it served as the centre of cultural and religious life as well as the civic centre of the North-Eastern Russia. Vladimir hosted the all-Russian gatherings of Princes.
The Uspenski (Assumption) Cathedral is a world famous monument of religious architecture. The Cathedral was first built in 1158 - 1160 under Grand Prince Andrey Bogolubsky on the high bank of the river Klyazma in the town centre.
The Dmitrievski Cathedral built in 1194 – 1197. The Cathedral walls are richly covered with sculptural decorations which makes the temple look tracery. Architecturally it is an exceptional example of the Russian white-stone construction with carved decorations.
The Zolotye Vorota (Golden Gates) is a unique monument of the Old Russian fortification. It is the white-stone construction of 1158-1164 built under Vladimir Grand Prince Andrey Bogolubsky as the main defense and ceremonial entryway tower of the restored by him fortress. Nothing remained of the other four outside fortress gates, only Golden Gates did.